Case Report

Catecholamine-Induced Myocarditis in a Child with Pheochromocytoma

10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2019.2019.0045

  • S. Ahmet Uçaktürk
  • Eda Mengen
  • Emine Azak
  • İbrahim İlker Çetin
  • Pınar Kocaay
  • Emrah Şenel

Received Date: 26.03.2019 Accepted Date: 10.06.2019 J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 0;0(0):0-0 [e-Pub] PMID: 31208160

Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors. The clinical presentation of pediatric PPGLs is highly variable. In cases with pheochromocytoma (PCC), excess catecholamine may stimulate myocytes and cause structural changes, leading to life-threatening complications ranging from stress cardiomyopathy (CM) to dilated CM. Herein, we report the case of catecholamine-induced myocarditis in a child with asymptomatic PCC.

Case:

A 12-year-and-2-month-old male patient diagnosed with type-1 neurofibromatosis (NF1) was brought to the emergency department due to palpitations and vomiting. In the physical examination, arterial blood pressure was 113/81 mmHg, pulse was 125 /min, and body temperature was 36.5 °C. Laboratory tests showed WBC count 12.8x 10^3 μL /L and serum C-reactive protein level 1.1 mg/dL (0-0.5). Thyroid function tests were normal, while cardiac enzymes were elevated. Electrocardiogram revealed no pathological findings other than sinus tachycardia. The patient was diagnosed with and treated for myocarditis as echocardiography revealed a left ventricular ejection fraction of 48%. Viral and bacterial agents that can cause myocarditis were excluded via serological tests and blood cultures. Blood pressure that was normal at the time of admission was elevated (140/90 mmHg) on the 5th day of hospitalization. The MRI indicated a 41x46x45 mm solid adrenal mass. The diagnosis of PCC was confirmed by elevated levels of urinary and plasma metanephrines. The patient underwent surgery. Pathological findings of the excised mass were compatible with PCC.

Conclusion:

It should be kept in mind that even if there are no signs and symptoms of catecholamine elevation, cardiomyopathy may be the first sign of PCC.

Keywords: Pheochromocytoma, Myocarditis, Neurofibromatosis type-1