Original Article

Early menarche is a risk factor of short stature in young Korean female: Epidemiologic study

10.4274/jcrpe.0274

  • Sol Kang
  • Yoon Mo Kim
  • Jun Ah Lee
  • Dong Ho Kim
  • Jung Sub Lim

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 0;0(0):0-0 [e-Pub]

Objective:

We investigated the association between age at menarche and adult height (and body mass index; BMI) in young Korean female. We also investigated whether early menarche (<12years) is a risk factor of short stature and obesity in young Korean female.

Methods:

We analyzed data for 1148 female aged 18–30 years (612 pairs of mothers and daughters) from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) (2013–2015).

Results:

Among 1148 female, 256(22.3%) female had early menarche. Female grew approximately 0.445 cm shorter when menarche occurred 1 year earlier. The prevalence of short stature (≤153cm) and obesity(BMI≥25) was higher in female with early menarche compared with later menarche(short stature: 10.5% vs. 6.4%, obesity; 20.7% vs. 13.1%, all P < 0.001). In multivariate regression, the odds ratio (OR) of short stature was 2.62(95%CI 1.26-5.44) adjusting for current age and mother’s height. However, the OR of obesity was 1.74(0.98-3.07) after adjusting for age and mother’ BMI.

Conclusion:

The final height for female is influenced by age of menarche. Early menarche increased the risk of adult short stature in young Korean female.

Keywords: Early menarche,short stature,adult height,Obesity,KNHANES