Original Article

SLC34A3 Intronic Deletion in an Iranian Kindred with Hereditary Hypophosphatemic Rickets with Hypercalciuria and Review of Reported Cases

10.4274/jcrpe.0057

  • Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar
  • Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed
  • Mahsa M. Amoli
  • Fatemeh Bitarafan
  • Mostafa Qorbani
  • Akbar Soltani
  • Bahareh Yarjoo

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 0;0(0):0-0 [e-Pub] PMID: 29809158

Objective:

Hereditary Hypophosphatemic Rickets with Hypercalciuria (HHRH) is a very rare inheritable hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia characterized by decreased renal phosphate reabsorption, hypophosphatemia, vitamin D refractory rickets, hyperphosphaturia, hypercalciuria, elevated circulating 1, 25-dihydroxy vitamin D levels and low serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, leading to growth retardation, limb deformities, bone pain, muscle weakness, rickets and osteomalacia. Biallelic mutations in SLC34A3/NPT2c gene are responsible for the occurrence of the disease.

Methods:

In this paper we describe the clinical examination, biochemical profile and gene analysis of Iranian kindred with a 101bp deletion in SLC34A3 gene. 12 members of a family of previously reported patient with HHRH (3 homozygote and 7 heterozygote) and 10 healthy controls were evaluated.

Results:

All patients had significantly increased risk of kidney stone formation, bone deformities and short stature compared with unrelated healthy controls. The heterozygous patients displayed milder clinical symptoms compared with homozygous patients. These patients displayed mild or no hypophosphatemia and they did not develop skeletal deformities. Recurrent renal stones and hypercalciuria were the main presentations of heterozygous patients which could be confused with familial hypercalciuria. In addition, biochemical analysis showed significantly low serum sodium level and elevated alkaline phosphatase in patients.

Conclusion:

Genetic counseling and screening for SLC34A3 mutations can be helpful in adult onset phenotype with unexplained osteoporosis, bone deformities and especial recurrent renal stones. In subjects with vitamin D deficiency the results should be interpreted cautiously.

Keywords: Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria, SLC34A3 gene, Hypophosphatemia, Hypercalciuria