ISSN: 1308-5727 | E-ISSN: 1308-5735
Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Year: 2023
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Abstracting & Indexing
Turkish Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes
A New Cause of Obesity Syndrome Associated with a Mutation in the Carboxypeptidase Gene Detected in Three Siblings with Obesity, Intellectual Disability and Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism [J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol]
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2021; 13(1): 52-60 | DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2020.2020.0101

A New Cause of Obesity Syndrome Associated with a Mutation in the Carboxypeptidase Gene Detected in Three Siblings with Obesity, Intellectual Disability and Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Asude Durmaz1, Ayça Aykut1, Tahir Atik2, Samim Özen3, Durdugül Ayyıldız Emecen2, Aysun Ata3, Esra Işık2, Damla Gökşen3, Özgür Çoğulu4, Ferda Özkınay4
1Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İzmir, Turkey
2Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Subdivision of Pediatric Genetics, İzmir, Turkey
3Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Subdivision of Pediatric Endocrinology, İzmir, Turkey
4Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İzmir, Turkey & Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Subdivision of Pediatric Genetics, İzmir, Turkey

Objective: Carboxypeptidase E (CPE) plays a critical role in the biosynthesis of peptide hormones and neuropeptides in the endocrine system and central nervous system. CPE knockout mice models exhibit disorders such as diabetes, hyperproinsulinaemia, low bone mineral density and neurodevelopmental disorders. Only one patient is described with morbid obesity, intellectual disability, abnormal glucose homeostasis and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, which was associated with a homozygous frameshift deletion in CPE.
Methods: Herein are described three siblings with obesity, intellectual disability and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed in the index case. Candidate variants were prioritised and segregation of the variant, consistent with the phenotype of the index case, was assessed by Sanger sequencing in affected siblings and parents.
Results: WES analysis revealed a homozygous nonsense c.405C>A (p.Y135*) mutation in CPE. Validation and segregation analysis confirmed the homozygous mutation in the index case and his affected siblings. The parents were phenotypically normal heterozygous mutation carriers.
Conclusion: This study provides additional evidence of the association between a homozygous nonsense mutation in CPE and a clinical phenotype consisting of obesity, intellectual disability and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, which may be considered as a new monogenic obesity syndrome.

Keywords: Obesity, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, carboxypeptidase, carboxypeptidase E

Asude Durmaz, Ayça Aykut, Tahir Atik, Samim Özen, Durdugül Ayyıldız Emecen, Aysun Ata, Esra Işık, Damla Gökşen, Özgür Çoğulu, Ferda Özkınay. A New Cause of Obesity Syndrome Associated with a Mutation in the Carboxypeptidase Gene Detected in Three Siblings with Obesity, Intellectual Disability and Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2021; 13(1): 52-60
Manuscript Language: English
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