ISSN: 1308-5727 | E-ISSN: 1308-5735
Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Year: 2022
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Turkish Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes
Differential Diagnosis of Acromegaly: Pachydermoperiostosis Two New Cases from Turkey [J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol]
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2022; 14(3): 350-355 | DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2021.2020.0301

Differential Diagnosis of Acromegaly: Pachydermoperiostosis Two New Cases from Turkey

Emine Kartal Baykan1, Ayberk Türkyılmaz2
1Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Erzurum, Turkey
2Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, Trabzon, Turkey

Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP), also known as primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by pachyderma and periostosis. Acromegaly is a condition caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH) leading to elevated insulin-like growth factor 1 levels, and is characterised by somatic overgrowth and physical disfigurement, notably affecting hands and feet. We present two cases referred with an initial diagnosis of acromegaly that were ultimately diagnosed as PDP. Case 1: A 17 year-old boy presented with enlargement in both feet and hands, finger clubbing, swelling in knee joints, knee pain, coarsening of facial skin lines and forehead skin, and excessive sweating which increased gradually over five years. There were prominent skin folds on the forehead, face, and eyelids. Also, there was an enlargement in both hands and clubbing of the fingers. There was marked swelling in the knee joints and ankles. Genetic analysis revealed a novel homozygous variant NM_005630: c.31C>T (p.Q11*) in the SLCO2A1 gene. Case 2: A 16 year-old boy presented with coarsening of forehead skin and scalp, excessive sweating, and pain in the elbow and knee over three years. Skin folds were prominent on the forehead and scalp. Genetic analysis revealed a homozygous variant NM_005630.2: c.86delG (p.G29Afs*48) in the SLCO2A1 gene. Such clinical presentation contemporaneous with normal GH level and prominent radiological abnormalities prompted the diagnosis of PDP. In conclusion, PDP is a very rare osteoarthrodermopathic disorder with clinical and radiographic presentation that may mimic acromegaly. In the evaluation of patients with acromegaloid appearance, PDP should be considered as a differential diagnosis.

Keywords: Acromegaly, pachydermoperiostosis, diagnosis

Emine Kartal Baykan, Ayberk Türkyılmaz. Differential Diagnosis of Acromegaly: Pachydermoperiostosis Two New Cases from Turkey. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2022; 14(3): 350-355

Corresponding Author: Emine Kartal Baykan, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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