ISSN: 1308-5727 | E-ISSN: 1308-5735
Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Year: 2023
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Turkish Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes
Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Validity and Reliability of the Parent Diabetes Distress Scale [J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol]
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2023; 15(3): 293-301 | DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-3-20

Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Validity and Reliability of the Parent Diabetes Distress Scale

Seher Karahan1, Ezgi Ağadayı1, Seda Aybüke Sarı2, Nurullah Çelik3, Ayça Kömürlüoğlu Tan4, Esra Döğer5
1Sivas Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Education, Sivas, Turkey
2Hatay Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hatay, Turkey
3Sivas Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Sivas, Turkey
4Sivas Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Sivas, Turkey
5Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ankara, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish translation of the Parent Diabetes Distress Scale (PDDS).
METHODS: The PDDS is a 5-point Likert-type scale with 20 items. After obtaining permission from the scale developers, the study commenced. First, a systematic adaptation of the scale into the Turkish language was performed including translation, expert panel review, back translation, and pilot study. Test-retest was applied to 35 participants. After these procedures, data collection was undertaken using the adapted PDDS and a demographic data collection form. The collected data were analyzed for reliability, including stability of the scale with test-retest and internal consistency of the scale (Cronbach’s α), and validity including construct validity of the scale with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).
RESULTS: The parents of 210 teenagers, aged >11 and <18 years, who had been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus for at least one year were included. Of these parents, 71.9% (n=151) were mothers and 53.3% (n=112) of the children were girls. The Cronbach’s α value was 0.906. The results of the CFA were χ2/df=4.406, p<0.001, comparative fit test 0.704, and goodness of fit tests 0.749. The mean total PDDS score was 2.2±0.7. These results indicate that scores of 1.6 points or less was evaluated as “little or no distress” 1.7-2.4 as “moderate distress,” and >2.4 points as “high distress”. This showed that the majority of the parents in the study experienced moderate or severe diabetes-related distress.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the PDDS fulfilled the validity and reliability tests at an acceptable level.

Keywords: Type 1 diabetes, adolescent, scale, reliability, validity, parent stress

Seher Karahan, Ezgi Ağadayı, Seda Aybüke Sarı, Nurullah Çelik, Ayça Kömürlüoğlu Tan, Esra Döğer. Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Validity and Reliability of the Parent Diabetes Distress Scale. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2023; 15(3): 293-301

Corresponding Author: Seher Karahan, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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