INTRODUCTION: Objective: The triglyceride and glucose (TyG) index has been proposed as a simple surrogate of insulin resistance (IR) with high sensitivity as an IR index besides the well known homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR). Limited data are reported in children. We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of TyG index in a pediatric Caucasian population, as a surrogate measure of IR and compared the results with HOMA-IR.
METHODS: Methods: We enrolled 541 children (11.7±2.71 yrs). According to body mass index (BMI) chart, the subjects were divided into three groups: normal weight BMI<75th percentile, overweight BMI 75th–95th percentile, and obese>95th percentile. TyG index was calculated as (ln[fasting triglycerides(mg/dl)×fasting plasma glucose(mg/dl)/2]) and considered pathological when exceeding 7.88. HOMA-IR was calculated as (insulin×glucose)/22.5 and defined pathological whenever exceeding 97.5th percentile for age and sex.
RESULTS: Results: In children with overweight/obesity TyG index was higher compared to normal weight subjects (p<0.001). TyG index was correlated with BMI (p<0.001); WHtR (p<0.001), total and HDL cholesterol (p<0.001); ALT (p<0.001), blood pressure (p<0.001). A correlation between TyG index and HOMAIR (p<0.001) as well as high TyG index and pathological HOMA-IR (p<0.001) were noted. The optimal cut-off for IR was considered 7.98 (sensitivity 60%; specificity 78%; AUC 0.69).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Conclusions: TyG index is a useful and cost-effective index of IR among children and adolescents. The cutoff 7.98 may be used for IR risk screening in childhood obesity, but we recommend caution when used in other populations.