ISSN: 1308-5727 | E-ISSN: 1308-5735
Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Year: 2023
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Abstracting & Indexing
Turkish Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes
<i>PROKR2</i> Mutations in Patients with Short Stature Who Have Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency and Multiple Pituitary Hormone Deficiency [J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol]
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2023; 15(4): 338-347 | DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-4

PROKR2 Mutations in Patients with Short Stature Who Have Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency and Multiple Pituitary Hormone Deficiency

Aslı Derya Kardelen1, Adam Najaflı2, Firdevs Baş1, Birsen Karaman6, Güven Toksoy2, Şükran Poyrazoğlu1, Şahin Avcı7, Umut Altunoğlu8, Zehra Yavaş Abalı8, Ayşe Pınar Öztürk1, Esin Karakılıç-Özturan1, Seher Başaran2, Feyza Darendeliler1, Z. Oya Uyguner2
1İstanbul University, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, İstanbul, Turkey
2İstanbul University, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İstanbul, Turkey
3İstanbul University, Institute of Child Health, Department of Pediatric Basic Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
4Koç University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İstanbul, Turkey
5Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, İstanbul, Turkey
6İstanbul University, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İstanbul, Turkey and İstanbul University, Institute of Child Health, Department of Pediatric Basic Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
7İstanbul University, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İstanbul, Turkey and Koç University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İstanbul, Turkey
8İstanbul University, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, İstanbul, Turkey and Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, İstanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Recent reports have indicated the role of the prokineticin receptor 2 gene (PROKR2) in the etiology of pituitary hormone deficiencies, suggesting a potential role for the PROK2 pathway in pituitary development, in addition to its role in gonadotropin releasing hormone-expressing neuron development. Here, we present the clinical and molecular findings of four patients with PROKR2 mutations.
METHODS: Next-generation targeted sequencing was used to screen 25 genes in 59 unrelated patients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD), isolated growth hormone (GH) deficiency, or idiopathic short stature.
RESULTS: Two different, very rare PROKR2 missense alterations classified as pathogenic (NM_144773.4: c.518T>G; NP_658986.1: p. (Leu173Arg)) and likely pathogenic (NM_144773.4: c.254G>A; NP_658986.1: p.(Arg85His)) were identified in four patients in heterozygous form. Patient 1 and Patient 2 presented with short stature and were diagnosed as GH deficiency. Patient 3 and Patient 4 presented with central hypothyroidism and cryptorchidism and were diagnosed as MPHD. No other pathogenic alterations were detected in the remaining 24 genes related to short stature, MPHD, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Segregation analysis revealed asymptomatic or mildly affected carriers in the families.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: PROKR2 dominance should be kept in mind as a very rare cause of GH deficiency and MPHD. Expressional variation or lack of penetrance may imply oligogenic inheritance or other environmental modifiers in individuals who are heterozygous carriers.

Keywords: Growth hormone deficiency, multiple pituitary hormone deficiency, PROKR2, short stature

Aslı Derya Kardelen, Adam Najaflı, Firdevs Baş, Birsen Karaman, Güven Toksoy, Şükran Poyrazoğlu, Şahin Avcı, Umut Altunoğlu, Zehra Yavaş Abalı, Ayşe Pınar Öztürk, Esin Karakılıç-Özturan, Seher Başaran, Feyza Darendeliler, Z. Oya Uyguner. PROKR2 Mutations in Patients with Short Stature Who Have Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency and Multiple Pituitary Hormone Deficiency. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2023; 15(4): 338-347

Corresponding Author: Aslı Derya Kardelen, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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