Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a buccal spray form of vitamin D compared to single oral dose (stoss therapy) and oral drops therapy in the treatment of vitamin D deficiency.
Methods: Ninety healthy children and adolescents (3-18 years) with vitamin D deficiency [serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) <12 ng/mL] were randomized to receive vitamin D3 buccal spray (2000 U, n=30, group 1) for six weeks, oral drops (2000 U, n=30, group 2) for six weeks and a single oral dose (300 000 U) vitamin D3 (n=30, group 3). Serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone and 25(OH)D levels of the patients were measured at baseline and after the treatment on the 42nd day.
Results: All three groups had a significant increase in serum 25(OH)D concentrations (p<0.001). In group 1, baseline mean 25(OH)D was 8.0±0.41 ng/mL, which rose to 22.1 (17.8-28.2) ng/mL after treatment with a mean increase of 15.6±1.3 ng/mL. Similarly in group 2, baseline, post-treatment and mean increase in 25(OH)D concentrations were 7.9±0.45 ng/mL, 24.4 (20.6-29.6) ng/mL and 17.3±1.1 ng/mL while for group 3 these values were 7.6±0.47 ng/mL, 40.3 (29.4-58.4) ng/mL and 34.3±3.2 ng/mL, respectively.
Conclusion: We conclude that vitamin D3 supplementation with buccal spray and oral drops is equally effective in terms of raising vitamin D concentrations in short-term treatment of vitamin D deficiency.