ISSN: 1308-5727 | E-ISSN: 1308-5735
Volume : 15 Issue : 1 Year : 2024

Abstracting & Indexing
Turkish Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes
Compound Heterozygous Variants in <i>FAM111A</i> Cause Autosomal Recessive Kenny-Caffey Syndrome Type 2 [J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol]
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2023; 15(1): 97-102 | DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2021.2020.0315

Compound Heterozygous Variants in FAM111A Cause Autosomal Recessive Kenny-Caffey Syndrome Type 2

Erdal Eren1, Havva Tezcan Ünlü2, Serdar Ceylaner3, Ömer Tarım1
1Bursa Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Bursa, Turkey
2Bursa Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Deparment of Medical Biology, Bursa, Turkey
3Intergen Genetics Center, Ankara, Turkey

Kenny-Caffey syndrome (KCS) is a rare autosomal recessive (AR)/dominant disease characterized by hypoparathyroidism, skeletal dysplasia, dwarfism, and dysmorphism. FAM111A or TBCE gene mutations are responsible for this syndrome. Osteocraniostenosis (OCS) is a lethal syndrome with similar features to KCS, and it can be a severe form of KCS type 2 which results from the FAM111A gene mutation. The FAM111A mutation is generally characterized by the autosomal dominant transition. We present a male case having compound heterozygous variants (c.976T>A and c.1714_1716del) in the FAM111A gene with an AR inheritance pattern. Hypocalcemia developed on the second day of life. The patient and his older sister had a dysmorphic face, skeletal dysplasia, and they were diagnosed with hypoparathyroidism. Both siblings died due to septicemia. He is the first reported patient with the FAM111A mutation in Turkey. The phenotype of the patient is compatible with OCS, and the detected variants may explain the disease genetically.

Keywords: Hypoparathyroidism, skeletal dysplasia, osteocraniostenosis, short stature, dysmorphism, FAM111A gene, autosomal recessive

Erdal Eren, Havva Tezcan Ünlü, Serdar Ceylaner, Ömer Tarım. Compound Heterozygous Variants in FAM111A Cause Autosomal Recessive Kenny-Caffey Syndrome Type 2. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2023; 15(1): 97-102

Corresponding Author: Erdal Eren, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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